What is Hypertension / High Blood Pressure?
Hypertension or High Blood Pressure (hbp) is a common condition that can be caused by a number of factors including genetics, age, diet, and lifestyle. Learn about the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure, as well as some treatments for this potentially serious condition.
What is The Cause of Hypertension?
The cause of hypertension is unclear. However, if you take out the blood pressure causing factors, it does not seem to be the case that anyone can become hypertensive for no reason.
1. Genetic Predisposition
Hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases are basically genetic metabolic disorders. They are inherited in many forms, including: Spontaneous mutations of genes that cause abnormal shapes of the proteins that control the body’s blood pressure regulation; Genetic mutation of enzymes that control blood clotting mechanisms, which is a cause of heart attacks; Inherited or acquired changes within the cells responsible for lowering blood pressure; Deletion of genes that reduce production of nitric oxide, a gas essential for healthy arteries to relax and dilate after being exercised.
2. Environmental or Lifestyle Factors
Which act in a similar way to genetic predisposition and make the person more susceptible and thus more likely to develop high blood pressure. Possible causes here include: Smoking, Obesity, Drinking alcohol excessively and being sedentary.
3. Certain Medications
Some medications such as diuretics and ACE inhibitors may cause high blood pressure in some people and can therefore be considered as a cause of hypertension even though they don’t actually “cause” the condition themselves.
What Are The Symptoms of Hypertension?
Hypertension is a very common disease. It develops when the force of your blood against your artery walls is too strong. The symptoms of hypertension depend on how severe it is, but most people experience headaches, dizziness, nausea and loss of sleep.
How Hypertension is Diagnosed?
Hypertension is diagnosed by measuring the level of the blood pressure (BP) in your arm and keeping track of it. Hypertension is diagnosed from a review of history, physical examination and laboratory tests. The most common complaints of patients with hypertension are: headaches, chronic dizziness, weakness, forgetfulness. These symptoms are often called “high blood pressure”.
Hypertension can be further classified as relative or absolute depending upon whether the whole blood pressure (BP) is raised above 160/100mmHg or if the patient has been on anti-hypertensive treatment for more than two weeks (the average time to onset of action). Most people with high blood pressure have some degree of pre-hypertension which affects 10% – 30% of people with normal BP.
Hypertension / Blood Pressure Treatment
How is high blood pressure treated?
High blood pressure is a condition in which the force of the blood against the heart and large arteries is greater than normal. The most common treatments for this condition are: Lifestyle changes, medication, and surgery.
1. Hypertension Treatment Through Lifestyle Changes
Hypertension can be controlled by lifestyle changes. Here are the key points:
1. Control the Calories and Salt Intake: This is one of the most important aspects of blood pressure treatment (hypertension treatment). If you eat less calories than what your body needs, then you will not put any stress on your heart and arteries. Remember, every calorie consumed counts as one pound of fat gained and each pound of fat gained equals an extra inch around your waist and a higher risk of heart disease. So, don’t be fooled by food labels that say “low sodium” or “no trans fat.” The difference between 300 mg in 1g serving and 1000 mg in 1g.
2. Exercise: Hypertension is a disease that can be controlled through exercise. Exercise reduces this risk of plaque buildup in the walls of your arteries and improves circulation, which reduces blood pressure. If you decide to take medication for hypertension, it should be taken under a doctor’s care, so you are not taking any risks with your health.
2. Hypertension Treatment Through Medication
The first step is to identify which drug is the right one for you. This can be done by going to your doctor and asking him/her to write down the name of all the drugs in your medicine cabinet, including over-the-counter medications, Rx drugs, etc. If you are unable to remember any of them, you can ask your pharmacist or doctor for a list of all the names and their types. After identifying which drug is best for you as per your needs, it’s time to refer discuss with your doctor about the right diet and workout.
3. Hypertension Treatment Through Surgery
Surgery is the most effective medicine for sever cases only of hypertension. These surgeries are called Hypertension Surgery which is performed on patients of hypertension who cannot regulate their blood pressure themselves; which will harm their bodies due to having high blood pressure on the long term.
Medical Treatments for Hypertension
Hypertension is a chronic condition that can lead to stroke, heart disease, or kidney damage. With medication and lifestyle changes, you may be able to lower your blood pressure.
Alternative Treatments for Hypertension
High blood pressure can have a serious impact on your health, but there are many ways to control it. One way is through exercise. Not only does exercise help to lower blood pressure, it also boosts the mood and enhances wellbeing. Other methods for managing high blood pressure include stress reduction, dietary changes, meditation, and yoga.
High Blood Pressure Side Effects
Risk Factors for Hypertension
The most serious side effects of high blood pressure are heart attacks, stroke and kidney failure.
High blood pressure can reduce the flow of oxygen to your muscles. This is known as peripheral muscle ischemia and can lead to pain, muscle weakness, shortness of breath and even paralysis. However, there are a number of less serious side effects that you should expect if your blood pressure is elevated. These include headaches, blurred vision and some degree of hearing loss in noise-sensitive people.
Hypertension Signs and Symptoms
High bp Symptoms
More than 50 percent of all hospital visits for dizziness are caused by high blood pressure. If you have symptoms such as lightheadedness or fainting after standing up quickly, dizziness while standing or with prolonged sitting or lying down, you should seek medical attention and to check your blood pressure level.
Hypertension JNC 8
The Hypertension JNC 8 is an international guideline for the management of hypertension and blood pressure treatment. It was initially developed by a 16-member working group from 10 countries in 1998 and revised over the years.
The Hypertension JNC 8 guidelines are the current evidence-based recommendations for the optimal management of hypertension. They were developed by a panel of editors from the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) and endorsed by an Advisory Committee chaired by a representative from each of five organizations, including the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and the American Society of Hypertension.
Download the recommended Hypertension JNC 8 Guidelines for blood pressure and heart disease prevention.
As you can see, for high blood pressure treatment, there are many remedies and medications available. While apparently there is no cure for this condition, the treatments listed in this article will allow you to live a healthy life with proper management.
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