10 Scary Rare Mental Disorders List You’ve Never Heard Of!

We will talk in this article about list of rare mental disorders, at the same time, you will first learn everything you need to know about the most popular mental disorders types, symptoms, causes, and treatments.

In the United States, mental disorders are common. An estimated 26.2% of adults in the U.S. live with a mental illness, which equates to about 1 in 4 adults.

What is Mental Disorder?

A mental disorder also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.

Such features may be persistent, relapsing and remitting, or occur as a single episode. Many disorders have been described, with signs and symptoms that vary widely between specific disorders.

Rare Mental Disorders - Woman suffering from a mental illness
Rare Mental Disorders – Woman suffering from a mental illness

Types of Mental Disorders

There are many different types of mental disorders, and each one has its own set of symptoms.

7 Top Types of Mental Disorders

1. Anxiety Disorders

People with anxiety disorders experience excessive fear, worry, and uneasiness.

2. Depressive Disorders

People with depressive disorders go through persistent sadness, emptiness, or irritability.

3. Bipolar Disorder

People with bipolar disorder encounter extreme changes in mood, from highs (or mania) to lows (or depression).

4. Eating Disorders

People with eating disorders have a distorted body image and an unhealthy relationship with food.

5. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

People with OCD have persistent, intrusive thoughts (obsessions) and engage in repetitive behaviors (compulsions) to try to control their thoughts.

6. Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

People with ADHD have difficulty paying attention and controlling impulsive behaviors.

7. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

People with PTSD experience intense fear, anxiety, and helplessness after a traumatic event.

Types of Mental Disorders - Sad man suffering from depressive disorder
Types of Mental Disorders – Sad man suffering from depressive disorder

Symptoms of Mental Disorders

The symptoms of mental disorders can vary greatly depending on the specific disorder.

Some common symptoms include:

  • Feeling sad or down
  • Feeling anxious or tense
  • Feeling angry, irritable, or cranky
  • Having low energy or trouble sleeping
  • Having difficulty concentrating or making decisions
  • Feeling disconnected from others
  • Engaging in risky or destructive behaviors

Causes of Mental Disorders

The causes of mental disorders are complex. They may be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, psychological, and social factors.

1. Genetic Factors

Mental disorders can run in families, suggesting that they may be caused by an inherited vulnerability to certain mental illnesses.

2. Biological Factors

Certain mental disorders may be caused by abnormalities in the brain or other parts of the nervous system.

3. Psychological Factors

Mental disorders may be caused by a combination of psychological factors, such as:

  • Stressful life circumstances, such as exposure to trauma or loss
  • Negative thinking patterns, such as self-blame or perfectionism
  • Poor coping skills

4. Social Factors

Mental disorders may also be caused by social factors, such as:

  • Isolation and loneliness
  • Poverty or other financial stressors
  • Discrimination or social exclusion
Causes of Mental Disorders - Disoriented woman with mental illness staring at her reflection
Causes of Mental Disorders – Disoriented woman with mental illness staring at her reflection

Treatments for Mental Disorders

Treatment for mental disorders can vary, depending on the severity and type of disorder. Treatment may involve:

1. Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy, also called talk therapy, is a type of counseling that can help people with mental disorders.

2. Medication

People with mental disorders may also benefit from medication. Medication can be used to treat the symptoms of mental disorders, such as anxiety or depression.

3. Hospitalization

In some cases, people with mental disorders may need to be hospitalized. This is usually done when someone is a danger to themselves or others.

4. Self-care

People with mental disorders can also benefit from self-care. This may involve exercise, relaxation techniques, and a healthy diet.

Treatments for Mental Disorders - Doctor in a psychotherapy treatment session with a male patient
Treatments for Mental Disorders – Doctor in a psychotherapy treatment session with a male patient

If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of a mental disorder, it’s important to seek professional help.

Early intervention and treatment can make a big difference in managing the symptoms of mental disorders and improving quality of life.

Now we have learned about general mental disorders, let’s learn about rare mental disorders.

List of Rare Mental Disorders

Here is the list of 10 top scary rare mental disorders that happen to few people around the world:

1. Mirror Touch Synesthesia

Mirror touch synesthesia is a rare condition in which a person feels the sensation of touch when they see someone else being touched. For example, if a person with mirror-touch synesthesia sees someone being punched, they may feel the sensation of being punched themselves.

2. Capgras Delusion

The Capgras delusion is a rare condition in which a person believes that a loved one has been replaced by an impostor. This may be a family member, friend, or even a pet.

3. Cotard Delusion

The Cotard delusion is a rare condition in which a person believes that they are dead, or that parts of their body are missing. People with Cotard delusion may also believe that they are in Hell, or that they have sinned and are going to be punished.

4. Foerster Symbol agraphia

Foerster symbol agraphia is a rare condition that causes people to have difficulty writing words. People with Foerster symbol agraphia may be able to write individual letters, but they have difficulty putting the letters together to form words.

5. Ganser Syndrome

Ganser syndrome is a rare condition that causes people to give false or approximate answers to simple questions. For example, a person with Ganser syndrome may say “2 plus 2 equals 5” when asked what the answer to 2+2 is.

6. Kuru

Kuru is a rare and scary condition that is caused by eating human brain tissue. Kuru is found in people from the Fore tribe of Papua New Guinea. Symptoms of kuru include shaking, muscle weakness, and difficulty walking.

Causes of Mental Disorders - Disoriented woman with mental illness staring at her reflection
Causes of Mental Disorders – Disoriented woman with mental illness staring at her reflection

7. Maladaptive Daydreaming

Maladaptive daydreaming is a rare condition in which a person has excessive and unrealistic daydreams. These daydreams are often disturbing or violent, and they can interfere with a person’s ability to function in everyday life.

8. Alien Hand Syndrome

Alien hand syndrome is a rare condition in which a person’s hand seems to move on its own. People with alien hand syndrome may feel as though their hand is controlled by an outside force, or they may feel as though their hand is a separate entity from their body.

9. Alice in Wonderland Syndrome

Alice in Wonderland syndrome (AWS) is a rare condition that causes people to experience distortions in their perception of time, space, and their bodies. People with AWS may feel as though they are shrinking or growing, and they may see objects around them change in size.

10. Wandering Eye Syndrome

Wandering eye syndrome is a rare condition in which a person’s eyes wander involuntarily. People with wandering eye syndrome may have difficulty keeping their eyes focused on one thing, and they may appear to be looking in different directions at the same time.

While these are some of the rare mental disorders, there are many more that exist.

Conclusion

Mental disorders are more common than most people think. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of a mental disorder, it’s important to seek professional help. With proper diagnosis and treatment, many people with mental disorders can lead productive and fulfilling lives.

This article is intended for informational purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice. If you are experiencing symptoms of a mental disorder, please see a mental health professional.

Thanks for reading!

If you enjoyed this story, you may want to check out Why is Mental Health Important for Students – Reasons and Tips.

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