Diabetes: Types, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a long-term disease that occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or cannot use insulin properly. Often, it is associated with a person’s diet and a sense of whether a person may be at greater risk if they maintain unhealthy dietary habits.

Diabetes is no laughing matter. If you’re worried that you might have it, read this article to learn more about the symptoms, the risks that come with it, and how to spot it early.

Checking blood sugare for diabetes signs and symptoms and glucose sugar level

Causes, Signs and Symptoms

Diabetes can be caused by different things. The most common reasons are genetic predisposition, pregnancy, type 2 bring deteriorated over time, hypertension, obesity, and lack of physical activity.

If you experience any of the following signs and symptoms, see your doctor. These may be early signs of Type 2 Diabetes:

  • Need to use the bathroom more often, especially at night
  • Increased thirst and increased frequency of urination
  • Blurry vision or seeing spots
  • Feeling confused and experiencing memory loss
  • Rapid weight loss without trying
  • Increased hunger and having to eat more often

Type 1

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed between the ages of 5 and 15, and accounts for about 10% of all cases. Type 1 is an autoimmune disease where insulin-producing cells in the pancreas (the beta cells) are destroyed by the body’s immune system.

Type 2

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin to function properly or when the insulin that is being produced does not work properly. The most common symptom of type 2 is increased thirst, which can lead to excessive urination. Other symptoms are tiredness, blurred vision, weight loss, nausea, vomiting, and sudden weight gain.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes occurs when pregnant women with no previous  diagnosis produce excessive insulin, which grows their insulin-sensitive cells. But why is it so serious for the mother and her baby? Gestational diabetes is linked to an increased risk of preeclampsia and labor induction or c-section. It also increases the likelihood that the baby will be born oversized and this leads to a higher rate of cesarean sections and birth trauma.

Treatment for Type 1 & Type 2

With Type 1, your pancreas stops producing insulin so you need to take shots of it as added insulin. Some people also have to take pills to control blood sugars. And then there are those with Type 2 that can manage their symptoms by eating a diet high in vegetables such as The Great Health Benefits of Garlic and fruit, reducing sugar intake and getting lots of movement.

Type 2 is less common, but it’s considered an insulin-resistant. Type 2 is said to account for about 90-percent of all the people who have the disease. Obviously, since type 1 is an autoimmune disease and type 2 is a combination of metabolic and hormonal problems, it requires a completely different treatment.

The only way to improve the metabolism in type 2 patients and reduce toxin levels is by entering into insulin therapy or with medications that improve how we process sugars in the body.


Now you have learned about the signs, symptoms and treatment.. people with diabetes can’t regulate their own sugar levels. The glucose builds up in the blood stream before it gets broken down or used by the cells. This causes serious damage to tissues and organs. It causes health problems like heart problems, cataracts formation, kidney problems, nerve damage and amputation of limbs if the symptoms are ignore and the treatment is ignored.

Therefore, you need to maintain a healthy lifestyle and diet and to regularly visit your doctor and perform blood sugar test at least twice a year.

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